|Selection from Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy (1940)|
- The Virginia Plan - Also known as the Large State Plan, this was designed by James Madison and proposed by Edmund Randolph.
- The Pinckney Plan - Proposed by Charles Pinckney of South Carolina.
- The New Jersey Plan - Also known as the Small State Plan, this was designed by a coalition of small states and presented by William Patterson of New Jersey.
- The Hamilton Plan - Presented by Alexander Hamilton and often referred to as the British Plan, since it seemed to establish a British-style Parliament and a nationally-selected monarch.
- The Connecticut Compromise - A plan put forward by Roger Sherman of Connecticut, it was designed to get around several sticking points in the debate.
Big vs Little
The People vs The States
Mr. Sherman opposed the election by the people, insisting that it ought to be by the State Legislatures. The people he said, immediately should have as little to do as may be about the Government. They want information and are constantly liable to be misled.
Mr. Gerry. The evils we experience flow from the excess of democracy. The people do not want virtue, but are the dupes of pretended patriots. In Massachusetts. it had been fully confirmed by experience that they are daily misled into the most baneful measures and opinions by the false reports circulated by designing men, and which no one on the spot can refute.
Mr. Mason argued strongly for an election of the larger branch by the people. It was to be the grand depository of the democratic principle of the Govt... It ought to know & sympathize with every part of the community... He admitted that we had been too democratic but was afraid we should. incautiously run into the opposite extreme. We ought to attend to the rights of every class of the people.
Mr. Madison considered the popular election of one branch of the national Legislature as essential to every plan of free Government. He observed that in some of the States one branch of the Legislature was composed of men already removed from the people by an intervening body of electors. That if the first branch of the general legislature should be elected by the State Legislatures, the second branch elected by the first—the Executive by the second together with the first; and other appointments again made for subordinate purposes by the Executive, the people would be lost sight of altogether; and the necessary sympathy between them and their rulers and officers, too little felt.
He shall from time to time give information to the Legislature of the state of the Union & recommend to their consideration the measures he may think necessary—he shall take care that the laws of the United States be duly executed: he shall commission all the officers of the United States & except as to Ambassadors other ministers and Judges of the Supreme Court he shall nominate & with the consent of the Senate appoint all other officers of the United States. He shall receive public Ministers from foreign nations & may correspond with the Executives of the different States. He shall have power to grant pardons & reprieves except in impeachments—He shall be Commander in chief of the army & navy of the United States & of the Militia of the several States